SHIP1, but not an AML-derived SHIP1 mutant, suppresses myeloid leukemia growth in a xenotransplantation mouse model


Constitutive activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is found in ~50-70% of AML patients. The SH2-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 1 (SHIP1) is a negative regulator of PI3K/AKT signaling in hematopoietic cells. SHIP1 knockout mice develop a myeloproliferative syndrome and concomitant deletion of SHIP1 and the tumor suppressor PTEN leads to the development of lethal B-cell lymphomas. In the study presented here, we investigated the role of SHIP1 as a tumor suppressor in myeloid leukemia cells in an in vivo xenograft transplantation model. NSG Mice transplanted with UKE-1 cells derived from a secondary AML showed a significantly extended lifespan after lentiviral-mediated overexpression of SHIP1 in comparison to the vector control cohort. In contrast, the AML-derived SHIP1Y643H mutant, which has a strongly reduced enzymatic activity showed a significant reversion of the SHIP1-induced prolongation of the survival time. In addition, the analysis of 290 AML patients revealed a correlation between expression of SHIP1 and overall survival of the AML patients. These results indicate that SHIP1 can act as a tumor suppressor in acute myeloid leukemia cells and that higher SHIP1 expression is associated with prolonged overall survival in AML patients. SHIP1 may be an interesting candidate for gene therapy.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 11.2017
PubMed 29143813