Human dental pulp cells modulate CD8+ T cell proliferation and efficiently degrade extracellular ATP to adenosine in vitro


The pulp of human teeth contains a population of self-renewing stem cells that can regulate the functions of immune cells. When applied to patients, these cells can protect tissues from damage by excessive inflammation. We confirm that dental pulp cells effectively inhibit the proliferation and activation of cytotoxic T cells in vitro, and show that they carry high levels of CD73, a key enzyme in the conversion of pro-inflammatory extracellular ATP to immunosuppressive adenosine. Given their accessibility and abundance, as well as their potential for allogeneic administration, dental pulp cells provide a valuable source for immunomodulatory therapy.

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StatusVeröffentlicht - 10.2022

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PubMed 36084401