Background Aim of the study was to analyze parenting concerns in cancer survivors and to identify covariats for parenting concerns. Method In a cross-sectional epidemiological sample of cancer survivors with minor children (n=1416) demographic and disease-related variables and psychological distress (HADS) were assessed. Parenting concerns were assessed using the Parenting Concerns Questionnaire (PCQ). The instrument covers the 3 subscales concerns about the 'practical impact' of the disease on the children, about the 'emotional impact' and concerns about the 'co-parent'. Results 73% of survivors were female; mean age was 47.5 years (SD 5.9). 24% to 71% of patients reporting parenting concerns showed normal levels of anxiety and depression. We identified living alone, younger age of the youngest child, higher tumor stage and suffering from a comorbidity as significantly associated with parenting concerns in all subscales of the PCQ. Low socio-economic status was found to be significantly associated with parenting concerns regarding the emotional and practical impact of the disease. Being a mother was associated with concerns in the subscale co-parent. Discussion Parents with cancer not only suffer from psychological distress but also from parenting concerns about the impact of their disease on their children. Psychological support services should broach the issue of parenting concerns. Families at risk should be identified to allocate tailored support.