CT-perfusion stroke imaging: a threshold free probabilistic approach to predict infarct volume compared to traditional ischemic thresholds

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CT-perfusion stroke imaging: a threshold free probabilistic approach to predict infarct volume compared to traditional ischemic thresholds. / Flottmann, Fabian; Broocks, Gabriel; Faizy, Tobias Djamsched; Ernst, Marielle; Forkert, Nils Daniel; Grosser, Malte; Thomalla, Götz; Siemonsen, Susanne; Fiehler, Jens; Kemmling, André.

in: SCI REP-UK, Band 7, Nr. 1, 27.07.2017, S. 6679.

Publikation: Forschung - BegutachtungSCORING: Zeitschriftenaufsätze

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@article{3d6d8b1d88fc4c55b121d47efec9a0f1,
title = "CT-perfusion stroke imaging: a threshold free probabilistic approach to predict infarct volume compared to traditional ischemic thresholds",
abstract = "The aim was to evaluate a novel method of threshold-free prediction of brain infarct from computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging in comparison to conventional ischemic thresholds. In a multicenter cohort of 161 patients with acute large vessel occlusion who received endovascular therapy, brain infarction was predicted by CTP using (1) optimized parameter cut-off values determined by ROC curve analysis and (2) probabilistic logistic regression threshold-free analysis. Predicted infarct volumes and prediction errors based on four perfusion parameter maps were compared against observed infarcts. In 93 patients with successful recanalization, the mean observed infarct volume was 35.7 ± 61.9 ml (the reference for core infarct not savable by reperfusion). Optimal parameter thresholds predicted mean infarct volumes between 53.2 ± 44.4 and 125.0 ± 95.4 ml whereas threshold-free analysis predicted mean volumes between 35.9 ± 28.5 and 36.1 ± 29.0 ml. In 68 patients with persistent occlusion, the mean observed infarct volume was 113.4 ± 138.3 ml (the reference to define penumbral infarct savable by reperfusion). Predicted mean infarct volumes by parameter thresholds ranged from 91.4 ± 81.5 to 163.8 ± 135.7 ml, by threshold-free analysis from 113.2 ± 89.9 to 113.5 ± 89.0 ml. Threshold-free prediction of infarct volumes had a higher precision and lower patient-specific prediction error than conventional thresholding. Penumbra to core lesion mismatch estimate may therefore benefit from threshold-free CTP analysis.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Fabian Flottmann and Gabriel Broocks and Faizy, {Tobias Djamsched} and Marielle Ernst and Forkert, {Nils Daniel} and Malte Grosser and Götz Thomalla and Susanne Siemonsen and Jens Fiehler and André Kemmling",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-017-06882-w",
volume = "7",
pages = "6679",
journal = "SCI REP-UK",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - CT-perfusion stroke imaging: a threshold free probabilistic approach to predict infarct volume compared to traditional ischemic thresholds

AU - Flottmann,Fabian

AU - Broocks,Gabriel

AU - Faizy,Tobias Djamsched

AU - Ernst,Marielle

AU - Forkert,Nils Daniel

AU - Grosser,Malte

AU - Thomalla,Götz

AU - Siemonsen,Susanne

AU - Fiehler,Jens

AU - Kemmling,André

PY - 2017/7/27

Y1 - 2017/7/27

N2 - The aim was to evaluate a novel method of threshold-free prediction of brain infarct from computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging in comparison to conventional ischemic thresholds. In a multicenter cohort of 161 patients with acute large vessel occlusion who received endovascular therapy, brain infarction was predicted by CTP using (1) optimized parameter cut-off values determined by ROC curve analysis and (2) probabilistic logistic regression threshold-free analysis. Predicted infarct volumes and prediction errors based on four perfusion parameter maps were compared against observed infarcts. In 93 patients with successful recanalization, the mean observed infarct volume was 35.7 ± 61.9 ml (the reference for core infarct not savable by reperfusion). Optimal parameter thresholds predicted mean infarct volumes between 53.2 ± 44.4 and 125.0 ± 95.4 ml whereas threshold-free analysis predicted mean volumes between 35.9 ± 28.5 and 36.1 ± 29.0 ml. In 68 patients with persistent occlusion, the mean observed infarct volume was 113.4 ± 138.3 ml (the reference to define penumbral infarct savable by reperfusion). Predicted mean infarct volumes by parameter thresholds ranged from 91.4 ± 81.5 to 163.8 ± 135.7 ml, by threshold-free analysis from 113.2 ± 89.9 to 113.5 ± 89.0 ml. Threshold-free prediction of infarct volumes had a higher precision and lower patient-specific prediction error than conventional thresholding. Penumbra to core lesion mismatch estimate may therefore benefit from threshold-free CTP analysis.

AB - The aim was to evaluate a novel method of threshold-free prediction of brain infarct from computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging in comparison to conventional ischemic thresholds. In a multicenter cohort of 161 patients with acute large vessel occlusion who received endovascular therapy, brain infarction was predicted by CTP using (1) optimized parameter cut-off values determined by ROC curve analysis and (2) probabilistic logistic regression threshold-free analysis. Predicted infarct volumes and prediction errors based on four perfusion parameter maps were compared against observed infarcts. In 93 patients with successful recanalization, the mean observed infarct volume was 35.7 ± 61.9 ml (the reference for core infarct not savable by reperfusion). Optimal parameter thresholds predicted mean infarct volumes between 53.2 ± 44.4 and 125.0 ± 95.4 ml whereas threshold-free analysis predicted mean volumes between 35.9 ± 28.5 and 36.1 ± 29.0 ml. In 68 patients with persistent occlusion, the mean observed infarct volume was 113.4 ± 138.3 ml (the reference to define penumbral infarct savable by reperfusion). Predicted mean infarct volumes by parameter thresholds ranged from 91.4 ± 81.5 to 163.8 ± 135.7 ml, by threshold-free analysis from 113.2 ± 89.9 to 113.5 ± 89.0 ml. Threshold-free prediction of infarct volumes had a higher precision and lower patient-specific prediction error than conventional thresholding. Penumbra to core lesion mismatch estimate may therefore benefit from threshold-free CTP analysis.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-017-06882-w

DO - 10.1038/s41598-017-06882-w

M3 - SCORING: Journal articles

VL - 7

SP - 6679

JO - SCI REP-UK

T2 - SCI REP-UK

JF - SCI REP-UK

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

ER -