CEACAM1+ myeloid cells control angiogenesis in inflammation.


Local inflammation during cutaneous leishmaniasis is accompanied by accumulation of CD11b(+) cells at the site of the infection. A functional role for these monocytic cells in local angiogenesis in leishmaniasis has not been described so far. Here, we show that CD11b(+) cells express high levels of the myeloid differentiation antigen carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1). In experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis in C57BL/6 wild-type (B6.WT) and B6.Ceacam1(-/-) mice, we found that only B6.Ceacam1(-/-) mice develop edemas and exhibit impairment of both hemangiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Because CEACAM1 expression correlates with functional angiogenesis, we further analyzed the role of the CD11b(+) population. In B6.Ceacam1(-/-) mice, we found systemic reduction of Ly-6C(high)/CD11b(high) monocyte precursors. To investigate whether CEACAM1(+) myeloid cells are causally related to efficient angiogenesis, we used reverse bone marrow transplants (BMTs) to restore CEACAM1(+) or CEACAM1(-) bone marrow in B6.Ceacam1(-/-) or B6.WT recipients, respectively. We found that angiogenesis was restored by CEACAM1(+) BMT only. In addition, we observed reduced morphogenic potential of inflammatory cells in Matrigel implants in CEACAM1(-) backgrounds or after systemic depletion of CD11b(high) macrophages. Taken together, we show for the first time that CEACAM1(+) myeloid cells are crucial for angiogenesis in inflammation.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 2009
pubmed 19273835