Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is a direct biomarker for alcohol consumption consisting of a fraction of different ethanol-modified, homologue phospholipids. The aim of this study was to validate an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method to quantitate six different homologues of PEth (16:0/18:1, 16:0/18:2, 16:0/20:4, 18:0/18:1, 18:0/18:2, and 18:1/18:1) from dried blood spots (DBSs). DBSs were prepared volumetrically (20 μL of whole blood) and extracted with 1 mL of methanol (0.02 ng/μL internal standards). PEth homologues were separated on a BEH C18 column (2.1 × 150 mm, 1.7 μm) using methanol and ammonium acetate buffer (25 mM) in a 7 min isocratic run. Multiple reaction monitoring mode was used for the detection of PEth and the internal standards. Calibrators (10-1000 ng/mL) and quality controls (40, 400, and 700 ng/mL) were prepared from spiked whole blood; external control samples were obtained from proficiency testing schemes. After a comprehensive validation of the method, quantitative patterns of the different homologues were investigated in PEth positive samples (n = 57) from patients in a transplant setting. Satisfactory chromatographic separation, sensitive detection, and reliable quantification of the PEth homologues in DBSs can be achieved using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) procedure. Validation results, including accuracy, linearity, recovery, matrix effects, and in-process stability, complied with international standards, and the analytical performance of the procedure was not affected by the hematocrit of the blood samples. Different quantitative patterns of the investigated PEth homologues were observed in authentic samples from liver transplant patients. This method will enable the study of the kinetics of six PEth homologues simultaneously and investigate the meaning of the homologues' distribution in individuals.