BACKGROUND AND METHODS: 8p deletions are common in renal cell carcinoma. To study their prognostic impact and association with kidney cancer phenotype, a tissue microarray with 1,809 cancers was analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization for 8p21 copy numbers.
RESULTS: One thousand four hundred and seventy four interpretable tumors showed substantial differences between renal cancer subtypes. That 8p deletion was only seen in 1 (0.5%) of 216 papillary carcinomas underscores the biologic uniqueness of papillary kidney cancer, which is also defined by a highly distinct morphology. 8p deletions were found in 13.2% of 976 clear cell carcinomas, 7.8% of 77 chromophobe carcinomas, 0.8% of 119 oncocytomas, but also in several rare tumor entities including 1 of 4 collecting duct cancers, 1 of 3 multilocular cystic clear cell renal cell neoplasm of low malignancy, 2 of 10 Xp11.2 translocation cancers, 3 of 18 not otherwise specified carcinomas, and 1 analyzed medullary carcinoma. In clear cell carcinomas, 8p deletions were significantly associated with higher International Society of Urologic Pathologists (ISUP) grading (P = 0.0014), Fuhrman (P = 0.0003) and Thoenes grade (P = 0.0033), advanced tumor stage (P = 0.0002), large tumor diameter (P = 0.0019), distant metastases (P = 0.0183), overall survival (P = 0.0394), and recurrence free survival (P < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, the prognostic role of 8p deletions was not independent of established clinic-pathological parameters. In conclusion, 8p deletions are strongly linked to tumor aggressiveness in clear cell kidney cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: Because 8p deletions are easy to measure by fluorescence in situ hybridization, 8p deletion assessment, most likely in combination with other parameters, may have a role in future prognosis assessment in clear cell kidney cancer.